Author Topic: initial Proposal for Draft Antiochia Constitution  (Read 806 times)

AlexOlteanu

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initial Proposal for Draft Antiochia Constitution
« on: November 02, 2014, 03:26:05 PM »
Agora Polis Antiochia
Draft Constitutional Structure


Founding Philosophy

Antiochia will have an organically developing system of governance that will factor in its unique environment, its size, and the mission of the community itself: that of promoting the projects of its citizens and constituting a diverse and multicultural educational Hub for the Metaverse.

Antiochia’s Constitution takes its inspiration from the world’s first great democratic constitution, that of Athens –for both historical and practical reasons: Antiochia itself is rooted in Hellenic culture and traditions, having been founded by one of Alexander the Great’s immediate successors, the Diadoch Seleucus the Great. First as capital of the Seleucid Empire, then as the de facto administrative center of Roman Asia, Antioch was a diverse, multicultural, dynamic city that was a center of learning, the arts, and commerce for well over a thousand years. At the same time, a small community such as APA set in a virtual, communicative environment, has the opportunity to innovate in the forms of direct democracy first developed by Athens, and to re-shape them to its current needs, based on the modern technological and informational tools at its disposal.

It is this combination of three forms of governance: participative, representational, and bureaucratic, that form the core of Antiochia’s institutional framework.  One of the key innovations APA seeks to bring about is a shift from a functional approach to governance, with a strict and adversarial division of powers between legislative, executive, and judiciary, to one focused on the roles citizens play, within a context shaped by both cooperation and accountability. The citizens of Antiochia will therefore be at the core of its system of governance, as they all meet to participate directly in the management of its affairs.  In this sprit, what follows is no more and no less than a working draft, to be discussed, debated, revised, and amended by all participants in the Antiochia project, as it will grow and develop over time.

Citizenship

Citizenship in the Agora Polis Antiochia will be open to any individual willing to make a monthly donation to the Antiochia Scholarship Trust. All Antiochia Politès (citizens) will make an equal donation entitling them to free use of the Antiochia facilities and free entrance to all its events. It will not be tied to land ownership.

Groups with their own projects are at the heart of Antiochia’s vision for its own future. Each group member will pay the same citizenship fee. Groups will be allotted, as needed, land parcels to develop their projects. Depending on the number of individuals members of each group paying citizenship fees, there may be an additional land use fee to be paid for the land the group occupies exclusively, which will also be a donation to AST. The proceeds of all citizenship fees and donations will be first applied for the development of the Antiochia sim and APA community, including sims’ expansion and building, educational, artistic, and entertainment events, and social media maintenance. Additional amounts will be handed over to AST itself to use for its real-life educational purposes.


Institutional Structure

The Agora is the Assembly of all of Antiochia’s politès (citizens). It will propose and vote on the adoption of all APA’s laws, including its budget. It can meet either as the full Agora or (if the community eventually expands beyond the original sim) as individual Sim Agora, entitled to make legislative proposals to be brought for debate and a vote at meetings of the full APA Agora. This institution will be the heart and soul of APA’s participative democratic approach to governance.

In the beginning, as the community begins to take shape and still has very low numbers of politès, the Agora will be the only APA institution charged with proposing, drafting, debating, approving, and revising legislation. As the community grows in numbers and reaches more than 30 politès, other specialized institutions will emerge to assist it in the performance of its tasks.

As Antiochia’s community will reach its maturity, its Agora will be supported by five institutions, all inspired from Athens’ constitution as first developed by Solon and then, most importantly, by Cleisthenes, each playing a different role and re-presenting a different type of democratic mechanism of governance.

The Boule will focus on the citizens’ role as professionals capable of providing expert advice and solutions to emerging problems and challenges. It will therefore be composed in equal measure of Architects, Arbitrators, and Academics. The Architects will supervise issues related to sim development and management; the Arbitrators will deal with any disputes and conflicts of interest matters; and the Academics will draft legislation on Agora’s and Archonts’ instructions.

It is foreseen that once the APA will move past 30 citizens, the Boule will have 9 members, selected based on their qualifications for their particular tasks for 1-year, renewable mandates, by the Aeropagus. In the initial stage, the Agora, Boule, and Aeropagus will essentially be the same institution. As the Antiochia community expands, each institution will begin to take shape and differentiate itself from the Agora, until the full system will be in place.

The Areopagus will focus on citizens’ roles as enablers. Its members will be elected as six-month intervals, for at most two consecutive mandates. Their task will be to supervise the other APA bodies in order to ensure that democracy, fairness, accountability, and openness represent the practical reality of the every day life of Antiochia.  The Areopagus will hear at regular intervals issues of constitutional and legislative review of Agora-enacted laws, as well as appeals of private disputes from the Boule; it will also confirm key officers such as the Treasurer and Land Manager. It is expected the Areopagus will have 9 members when fully operational.

The Basileus will be the Official Representative of the Antiochia community. This position is inspired by the Athenian tradition of elections by drawing lots. Each month a new Basileus will be drawn by lots from all Antiochia politès, with the exception of those already serving on another governance body. The Basileus will chair the Agora’s, the Areopagus’, as well as the Archons’ meetings – thus bridging the legislative, executive, and judiciary functions and injecting them with a participative civic element.

The Archons will be the Chief Administrators of Antiochia. They will head Antiochia’s civil servants organized in an administrative body called Prytaneis. They will be elected for single-term, 6-month mandates, and will be able to propose laws to the Boule, which would then be brought to a vote in the Agora. They will also have the power to pass decrees in order to manage the community efficiently, such decrees being able to be challenged by a majority vote of the Agora, the up or down decision to be made by the Aeropagus. They will also nominate the Treasurer and Land Manager, and appoint PIOs and Sim Caretakers. Finally, they will administer the Community’s budget as approved by the Agora, and manage and be accountable for current expenses.

The Prytaneis will be Antiochia’s Administrative Body. Its civil servants  will include the Epistates (Estate Owner), the Strategos (Land Manager), the Theorikos (Treasurer), as well as Thesmothetai (PIOs) and Pilarchs (Sim Caretakers), for a total of seven members.



Basileus: 1
Drawn by lot every month
Chairs Agora, Areopagus, Archons

Agora: All citizens
Proposes and Passes laws and decrees
Adopts budget
Can meet as Full Agora (all politès) chaired by Basileus; or as Sim Agora (each sim) chaired by Regional Archon and make sim proposals to Full Agora.

Boule: 9 (3 builders, 3 adjudicators, 3 drafters) (3 initially)
1 year mandate, renewable
 selected by Areopagus based on competitive exams
drafts laws, decrees, masterplan, sim plans
advises Agora, Areopagus, Archons
Judiciary / dispute resolution
Investigates conflicts of interests

Areopagus: 9 (3 initially)
Elected, 6 month mandate, 2 consecutive terms max
Legislative and constitutional review; appeals from Boule on private disputes
Confirms Treasurer, Land Manager

Archons: 2
Elected, 6 month mandate, cannot run for re-election
Each runs for one or the other position; all citizens can vote for both.
Propose laws, decrees
Head Executive
Nominate Treasurer, Land Manager
Appoint PIOs, Caretakers


Administration (Prytaneis)

Estate Owner (Epistates): 1
Ex Officio
Contact with LL

Land Manager (Strategos): 1
1 Year, Renewable
Nominated by Archons
Confirmed by Areopagus

Treasury (Theorikos): 1
1 Year, Renewable
Nominated by Archons
Confirmed by Areopagus
   
PIOs (Thesmothetai): 2
6 months, renewable
appointed by Archons (1 each)

Caretakers (Philarchs) : 2 per sim
6 months, renewable
appointed by Archons


Citizenship: Monthly fee: Entitles to join APA Group as Citizen, participate in events, use facilities, etc. No requirement to own land in Antiochia.

Land user fee: payable by those groups who wish to have land for their projects.